When you round a number up, the result is always the same as or greater than the original number. If you were calculating the number of employees needed to complete a project, for example, you might want to round up the calculated 6.1 employees to seven, because you can’t have a fraction of a person, and six is too few. The Roundup function in Microsoft Excel achieves this purpose.
In Microsoft Excel, open your business spreadsheet.
Find the cell that needs to be rounded up. Your calculation, for example, could be in “A1.”
In an empty cell, type “Roundup(A1,-1)” without the quotations. Replace “A1” with the cell reference of your choice. The “-1” in the expression instructs the Roundup function to round up to the nearest tenth of a decimal place.
The ROUND function in Excel delivers an integer with a specified number of digits rounded to the nearest whole number. The ROUND function can round decimal points to the right or left.
To round a number to a specific number of digits, use the following formula.
a number that has been rounded
=ROUND (number, num digits) =ROUND (number) =ROUND (number) =ROUND (number
number – The number to round to the nearest whole number.
num digits – The number of digits to round.
Notes on Usage
The ROUNDDOWN function takes an integer and rounds it to a specified number of decimal places. As shown in the table below, the number of digits passed to ROUND determines the number of places to round to:
3rd example: nesting inside a ROUND
The ROUND function can be nested inside of other operations and functions. For example, you can use ROUND in a calculation like this to round down the result of A1 divided by B1:
=ROUND(A1/B1,0) = ROUND(A1/B1,0) = ROUND(A1/B1,0) = ROUND(A1/B1,0
The ROUND function can be nested inside any calculation that delivers a numeric value.
Excel’s rounded-off functions
Use the ROUND function to round your numbers normally.
Use the ROUND function to round to the next multiple.
Use the ROUNDDOWN function to round down to the nearest specified point.
Use the FLOOR function to round down to the nearest multiple.
Use the ROUNDUP function to round numbers to the nearest decimal place.
Using the CEILING function, you can round up to the next specified multiple.
Use the INT function to round down and return only an integer.
Use the TRUNC function to trim decimal places.
Numbers 1-4 are rounded down, whereas numbers 5-9 are rounded up.
The ROUND function rounds numbers to a precision level determined by the num digits parameter.
There will be no rounding if a number has already been rounded to the specified number of places.
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Excel ROUNDDOWN Function
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