Forensics is a very important field of computer science, making it easy for agencies to investigate crime related to the internet. Unlike before, the machine has spread to all electronic information related items. Computer forensic helps to investigate crime using electronic data to find suspects behind a certain crime.
Developers have produced many improved forensic instruments and the requirements for selecting the best by testing agencies depend on a variety of factors, including budget, features and a suitable expert team.
1. Digital Forensics Framework
Digital Forensics Project is an open source software that is available under the GPL. It can be used without much difficulty for practitioners or first timers. The software is suitable for virtual custody chain, remote or local computers, Windows or Linux OS, for hidden or deleted files, for fast metadata scan, etc.
2. Open Computer Forensics Architecture
The Open Computer Forensics Architecture (OCFA), developed by the Dutch National Police Agency, is a modular computer forensics framework. The main objective is to automate the digital forensic process to speed up the investigation and to give tactical researchers direct access to the seized data by means of an easy search and navigation interface.
3. X-Ways Forensics
X-Ways Forensics is an advanced computer forensics work environment. The software is more reliable for use and runs much more efficiently, detects deleted files and search results, and has other features many lack. It also works on Windows XP/2003/Vista/2008/7/8/2012/10*, 32 Bit/64 Bit, SE / PE default and many more. It can be more private, comes at a fraction of the cost, has no complicated hardware or server specifications. X-Ways Forensics is entirely portable and runs on any Windows system with a USB stick. To learn more, visit the website.
4. Registry Recon
Recon Registry, developed by Arsenal Recon, is a powerful computer forensics tool for storing, retrieving and analyzing Windows device registry information. The product was named for the French word reconnaissance, the military concept of tactical information for the examination of unfavorable territory.
OpenText, is the manufacturer of EnCase ®, the platinum forensic protection standard. The multifunctional forensic system offers a profound 360 ° visibility across all endpoints in various areas of the electronic forensic process. This method can quickly identify possible evidence and data from different devices and generates a fact-based study. EnCase has maintained its reputation as a gold standard for criminal investigations and for eight consecutive years 6 has been named Best Computer Forensic Software.
6. The Sleuth Kit
The Sleuth package is a UNIX and Windows-based software that facilitates computer forensic investigation. It is a collection of command line tools and a C library that can analyze and retrieve files from disk images. It is used in autopsy and carries out a thorough file system analysis.
Volatility is used for memory forensic response and malware analysis. It helps you to retrieve data from running processes, network sockets, DLLs, and registry hives. It also supports extracting information from crash dump files and wintering files on Windows. This software is available under GPL license free of charge.
Libforensics is a digital forensic technology library. It has been developed in Python and has several demo tools to extract information from different types of evidence.
9. The Coroner’s Toolkit
The Coroner’s Toolkit or TCT is also an excellent tool for digital forensic analysis. It runs on several operating systems associated with Unix. It can be used for computer catastrophe management and data recovery. It is an open-source set of forensic instruments to conduct post-mortem analysis on UNIX systems.
Bulk Extractor is also a popular digital forensics tool. It scans disk pictures, files or directories for useful information. In this method it avoids the layout of the file system, so it is faster than other related tools available. It is mainly used by law enforcement and intelligence agencies to solve cyber crimes.