All businesses are becoming increasingly concerned about cyber security as the Internet and online practices become more widely used in every industry and every sphere. According to one statistic, one new organisation will become a victim of ransomware every 11 seconds by the end of the twenty-second century. India has seen a 37% increase in cyber-attacks in the first quarter of 2020, according to a report from KSN (Kaspersky Security Network). In India, accredited institutions have begun to offer the best cybersecurity training courses available.
The Indian cybersecurity market is expected to grow from USD 1.97 billion in 2019 to USD 3.05 billion by 2022, at a rate one and a half times faster than the global rate, according to a report by PricewaterhouseCoopers.
We are confident that this must have sparked a desire in you to pursue a career as a cyber security expert! Now, let’s take a look at exactly what cyber security is and what a typical cyber security engineer salary in India looks like.
What is Cyber Security?
Physical security protects facilities and objects in the real world, whereas cybersecurity protects information systems and data in the digital world. Security against malicious electronic attacks is the practice of protecting servers, computer workstations, electronic systems, networks, mobile devices, and data from being compromised. There are many applications for it, ranging from mobile computing to businesses, and it is intended to protect assets from malicious codes and logins.
Common Categories of Cyber Security
Types of Cyber Security
Identifying and repairing vulnerabilities in application code to make apps more secure is the focus of application security.
Incorporated network security is concerned with preventing and protecting corporate networks from intrusions such as malware or specifically targeted attackers.
Operational security is comprised of the processes and decisions that are made in the course of protecting and managing data assets. It includes network access permissions for users as well as the policies and procedures that govern how data should be stored and shared securely.
Protection of data integrity and privacy, while it is being stored and transmitted from one machine to another, is
Types of Cyber Security Threats
Instructions to End Users – Anyone can unintentionally introduce a cybersecurity threat like a virus into the system by failing to adhere to safe security practices. As a result, educating end-users on how to delete suspicious emails, avoid plugging in unidentified USB drives, and other important lessons is critical to protecting corporate security.
Emergency Preparedness, Disaster Recovery, and Business Continuity – These terms describe how an organization responds to a cybersecurity incident that results in data loss or service outage, as well as how it will restore its information and operations to resume operations at the same level as before the incident. Business continuity is the plan that a company will rely on if specific resources are not available.
Read more about a career in cyber security.
Threats to Cyber Security in a Variety of Forms
There are three types of threats to cyber security.
Cybercrime – Consists of organized groups or single actors who target computer systems to cause disruption.
An information-gathering cyber-attack is motivated by political reasons.
Cyber-terrorism is a type of terrorism that aims to cause panic or fear by interfering with electronic systems.
Following are some of the methods used to compromise cybersecurity.
Malware – Malware is the most common type of cyber-attack, in which a hacker uses malicious software to cause a computer to malfunction to steal information from a legitimate user. Malware is frequently distributed through the use of a legitimate-looking download or an unsolicited email attachment, among other methods. They are intended to make money, but they can also have a political motivation behind their existence. There are many different types of malware, including Trojan horses, viruses, ransomware, spyware, botnets, and adware, to name a few.
Phishing – Phishing is a type of cybercrime in which a cybercriminal sends people emails that appear to be from a legitimate company to obtain sensitive information such as credit card numbers or personal information. It is then used to deceive them to obtain financial gain.
An SQL Injection attack is a type of cyber-attack that takes advantage of a vulnerability in data-driven applications to inject malicious code into a database to gain control of the database and steal data. SQL Injection attacks are the most common type of cyber-attack.
A denial-of-service attack is a type of cybercrime in which a cybercriminal prevents a computer from responding to legitimate requests on its network. It causes a traffic overload on the networks and servers, making the system unusable as a result. It makes it impossible for an organisation to manage its critical functions.
Hackers use this type of attack to steal information from two individuals by interfering with their communication between them.
The term “cybersecurity framework” refers to a collection of policies and procedures that businesses can use to improve and upgrade their cyber security strategies. These frameworks are developed by a variety of cybersecurity organisations and government agencies, and they are intended to serve as guidelines for businesses seeking to improve their cybersecurity. They provide step-by-step instructions on how to put in place a five-step cybersecurity procedure.
- Identify and shortlist the most vulnerable assets in the organization’s inventory.
- Protect – Ensure that all necessary maintenance is performed to keep data and assets safe.
- Detect – Detect intrusions and breaches in the network infrastructure.
- Respond – React in the face of violations.
- Recover – Recover from any damage caused by the attack to data, systems, corporate finances, and reputation.