Database servers must be the most safe and secured component of any computer system because they hold all of the important and essential data needed to operate a computer system, whether for academic, business, communication, or any other purpose. As a result, we’re going to show you how to protect your Windows Server from hackers today. You can shield your server from hackers if you have a new computer system. Hackers are now widely regarded as the most infamous predators.
We’ll also have a download link for a hardening script for Windows Server 2016 and 2019. However, although it is impossible to fully defend something, various risks can be avoided with minimal effort. The best part is that a Windows server is just as safe as a Linux machine. We’ll walk you through some fast protection wins you can make on your Windows Server by following this hardening guide in this article.
13 Ways to Prevent Hacking on Your Windows Server 2016/2019 Installation (Best Practices and Tips)
To secure your server from hackers and malware, you can use a variety of methods. The following are some suggestions for hardening Windows Server:
Keep the Admin Account Secured
The default superuser account on a Windows server is called “administrator.” Typically, all brute force attacks are directed at this account. When the account lockout policy is extended to other accounts, the admin user cannot be locked. Renaming the “administrator” username to anything else is the easiest way to protect your admin account.
Install All Required Operating System Components
By default, Windows wants to instal the complete version of the operating system, but it opts for a lightweight custom instal instead. The components that aren’t necessary must be removed. This is used to decrease the attack surface while also reducing the amount of patches and upgrades needed for maintenance.
Make use of privileges
In order to do so, you must use the following strategies:
- To define access constraints based on your requirements, you must use the role-based access control (RBAC) component or create a group policy.
- You must prevent any security problems that can arise as a result of improper access rights management.
- You must grant each consumer the bare minimum of rights to carry out his or her responsibilities (especially on the Operating System partition).
Setup User Account Policies
If you have several users accessing your server, you will be asked to set up user account policies. The following are some of them:
- You do not permit the use of blank passwords.
- A minimum password length must be enforced.
- You must use a password that is difficult to guess.
- The lockout policy must be used.
- You do not use reversible encryption to store passwords.
- Forcing a session timeout due to inactivity is not recommended.
- Two-factor authentication must always be allowed.
Enable Windows Firewall
Once you’ve set up your server, the first thing you can do is set up a firewall. These are programmes that are used to filter data as it enters and exits the computer system.
Many firewall programmes are available on the internet or from local computer stores today, but even inexperienced hackers can get through them. To ensure proper security and privacy, you should invest in a well-known and well-developed application.
A firewall framework can be installed in the same way as any other software. They are used to secure small scale servers; however, if you are running several mainframes, you may need to have firewalls built by a software security professional.
The Windows firewall can be used to filter out network traffic that you don’t trust. Furthermore, working on the firewall is difficult at first, but it is well worth the effort. As a result, never turn off the Firewall.
Disable unnecessary services and ports, not in use
Only the ports used by the installed components and the operating system should be activated. You would do the following:
- Close the ports that are still open.
- A port scan of the computer system is needed to ensure that all non-functional ports are properly secured.
- You must switch off network services you no longer use, such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and others. You can avoid unauthorised access by doing so.
Secure the Remote Desktop (RDP) service
To gain access, most hackers use RDP. To prevent unauthorised access, change the default RDP from 3389 to one in the 10000-65535 range.
- If you’re connecting with a dedicated IP address, you can always use the advanced firewall option to limit RDP access to that IP address only.
- Use Bitlocker Drive Encryption in Windows (Where Needed)
- The Bitlocker drive encryption in Windows is used to protect the OS booting process and to avoid unauthorised data mining. And when the server is switched on, Bitlocker drive encryption can be used. It is now widely regarded as one of the most effective and practical malware hacking tools available.
- Keep Windows Server 2016 Updated with the latest patches
Keeping your windows up to date is the simplest and most straightforward way to keep your server stable. You have two options:
- Allow Windows to download and instal the update automatically.
- Set up Windows Update to send you an email whenever a new update is available.
Enable Microsoft Baseline Security Analyzer (MBSA)
The Microsoft baseline protection analyzer software is available for free. It’s used to figure out which security settings are insecure and which security updates are lacking in Windows. It not only serves as a list of potential server hardening steps, but it also offers comprehensive information on vulnerable components and settings.
Perform a Security Audit
There are a lot of IT experts who specialise in internet and network security nowadays. If you don’t have much technical expertise but have an unlimited budget, you can always employ a security expert to protect your server from hackers. Such hackers are normally paying hundreds of thousands of dollars depending on their abilities, but they are well worth it. They come in handy when you have sensitive data on your server.
Limit what can be Uploaded to the server
The server would need to accept data from end-users in order to collect data. While uploads are necessary, the amount of data that enters the system must be limited. To do so, make sure the forms are properly formatted so that the appropriate data is entered into the system.
Use an SSL certificate (Where Needed)
The Secure Socket Layer (SSL) is an acronym for Secure Socket Layer. SSL (Secure Socket Layer) is an internet security protocol that protects your server. It ensures that all data entering and exiting the server is kept confidential and inaccessible to third-party users.
If you don’t have an SSL certificate, a hacker can easily access all of your server’s data.
Bonus Tip: Download and Install a Window Server Hardening Script
If you are not a technically skilled person, that is. For you, we have the ideal solution. This entails downloading and installing a hardening script that has already been set up by a professional. Your Windows Server will be safe from hackers after you instal this script.
The most recent May patch for Windows Server has patched nearly three vulnerabilities that were publically available. These included:
The most popular feature is the “Exchange Server” which is the target of various hacker groups around the world. This was after Microsoft shared details on the “ProxyLogin” issue that was discovered in the code.
Conclusion: Is your Windows Server Safe from Hackers?
We’ve covered a variety of tips for protecting your Windows Server from hackers and malware in this guide. This page should be bookmarked because it contains the best Windows Server 2016 hardening script. You can also download a hardening script that will take care of it for you.